The City Chandigarh also called City Beautiful is the capital of the northern Indian states of Punjab and Haryana. The city was designed by the Swiss-French modernist architect, Le Corbusier. The foundation stone of the city beautiful was laid in 1952. The city is spread in 114 sq kms. The city has a pre-historic past as well. The gently sloping plains on which modern Chandigarh exists, was in the ancient past, a wide lake ringed by a marsh. The fossil remains found at the site indicate a large variety of aquatic and amphibian life, which was supported by that environment. About 8000 years ago the area was also known to be a home to the Harappans. His buildings include the Capitol Complex with its High Court, Secretariat and Legislative Assembly, as well as the giant Open Hand Monument. Chandigarh derives its name from the temple of “Chandi Mandir” located in the vicinity of the site selected for the city. The deity ‘Chandi’, the goddess of power and a fort of ‘garh’ laying beyond the temple gave the city its name “Chandigarh-The City Beautiful”. Until 1966 Chandigarh was the capital of Punjab, that was when Haryana was still part of Punjab. When Punjab was divided, both Punjab and Haryana claimed that the Chandigarh for its capital. Due to long pending resolution to this issue, Central Government made Chandigarh a Union Territory (under Section 4 of the Punjab Re-Organization Act, 1966, with effect from November 1, 1966). The administration of Chandigarh functions directly under the Central Government. The Administrator of Union Territory Chandigarh was designated as “Chief Commissioner” which continued till 31st May, 1984. From 1st Jun, 1984 onward the Governor of Punjab took over the direct administration of the UT as the Administrator. The role of “Chief Commissioner” was re-designated as “Adviser to the Administrator”. Ever since June 1984, the Governor of Punjab has been functioning as the Administrator of Union Territory of Chandigarh.
Here is list of all Administrators of Union Territory Chandigarh till date
Here is list of Chief Commissioners till Administrator took over